The Basics of Brand Communications

by Amy Nance

A telephone on a stool with black speech bubbles surrounding it.

f you picture a homing pigeon with a telegram in his beak, a whistling mail carrier toting a satchel, or even the marketing major from a college catalogue circa 1997, you’re forgiven. There’s something about the word “Communications” that feels old-fangled and fussy, at odds with the whole spirit of communicating—which is supposed to mean the passing on of information in a way your audience can understand it.

Luckily, “Brand Communications” doesn't involve a reporter typing furiously into the night or a team of well-heeled mavens plugging away at the switchboard. Instead, it's the thoughtful process of coming up with what your brand will message, to whom, and how. It's a vital part of brand identity creation, where words aren’t mere afterthoughts but the very life-blood that powers your brand.

Comms, a Journey in Words

At Focus Lab, Brand Communications encompasses the positioning, messaging, and verbal identity work we do for clients. This work achieves three things:

  • conveys what your brand is and why, showing your customers how to understand you
  • and more importantly, why they should care
  • while simultaneously giving your brand a point-of-view, embodied in a personality, or voice

Visual language can do a lot of things, but it can't do any of them without words. An exciting logo is powerful and moving—for one part of your brain. Verbal language sidles up to another part altogether and says, That apple is a metaphor for knowledge, autonomy, and transcendence. Think Different. Brand Communications is a strategic, creative, and essential piece of any brand identity project.

Overlook words and, well, I don’t know what to say.

But how does it fit in with those other essential pieces of a brand project, Strategy and Design? Nicely. We’re mindful about how Brand Communications is scoped on the project timeline relative to Strategy and Design workflows, starting close enough to the former to support concepting and direction and running parallel to the latter so Design can reference messaging and Communications visual concepts. This ensures we’re carrying the strategy forward together for a synchronous outcome overall.

As for the Communications work cadence, the whole shebang shakes out in the most logical way possible, with each deliverable both anticipating and feeding the next. The goal? To create a seamless, well-integrated set of Communications outcomes that help carry out your new identity.

But first, there's homework.

Your dog can't eat it cuz it's digital

Are we going to give you homework? Yes.
Are we going to do our homework? Absolutely.
But no worries—most clients find the exercises fun and even illuminating. In short, before a project starts, we ask our clients to:

  • Identify a brand archetype and attributes
  • Fill out a Communications Questionnaire
  • Use a handy workbook to discover their purpose, vision, mission, and position

We take the results of these exercises (and any other comms-related collateral we’ve been given) to do a full Communications Review—an audit of all existing statements and messaging. We also consider your competition, looking at the analysis provided via Brand Strategy work as well as an Audience Breakout spreadsheet you’ll have filled out. This all happens prior to your first deliverable, the idea being that we need to know where you are now, communications-wise, before we can make the recommendations and do the work that takes you forward.

The Write Stuff

Let's break down the three things that make up Brand Communications here at Focus Lab.

Brand Positioning
Welcome to the one internal-facing statement that captures where you sit within your industry, category, and field of competitors by nodding to your audience, claiming your biggest differentiator, and clarifying what you alone can do for customers. Positioning crystallizes how you're different from the other guys, so a lot rides on getting it right. When brands don't go all-in on Positioning, it shows. We need to establish how you're oriented in the landscape before we can tell everybody else.

Messaging takes us much closer to external-facing language. At Focus Lab, we move outward from core messaging statements (purpose, mission, vision, values) to increasingly more external ones (value propositions, USP, Elevator Pitch, Audience Messaging). We iterate through rounds until we’ve built robust frameworks that feel solid, unified, and actionable.

Verbal Identity
Think your brand’s more Jason Mamoa than Jason Bateman? Here's where we make that distinction a reality. In Voice and Tone work, we develop your brand’s style of expression: what (or who) you sound like and how you convey that to the world. We identify voice and tone qualities that together create a you-seeming spirit (or, less romantically, a speaker). Eventually your messaging will filter through that voice, and lo! An unmistakable brand personality is born.

Bonus Round
Every Brand Communications project has a unique set of needs. Sometimes we enrich a project with tagline exploration or a Brand Story. We also offer Communications Support once a project has concluded, guiding it through implementation or fielding other post-production questions. Often, Brand Communications continues through to interactive work, bringing content strategy and UX writing to the fore.

What’s in your goody bag

So, at the end of the day, what’s the take-home?

The process by which we arrive at recommendations, statements, and frameworks is all there in working deliverables you get every week. It’s easy to follow our progress through rounds because it's all documented, reviewed, and discussed in order. But the outcomes of Communications work are housed in a few, nicely-packaged final deliverables. Each one, in its own way, is a blueprint to your future communication and marketing efforts, telling you exactly what to message, to whom, and how. Here’s what that looks like:

  • Audience Messaging Framework (messaging guidelines specific to each audience group)
  • Verbal Identity (voice and tone guidelines)
  • Communications Style Guide (a manual that lays out how to style communications)
  • Communications Messaging Guide (a manual that lays out foundational messaging)
  • Writer Quick Reference (the handy highlight reel of style and messaging points, in one sheet)

Like all good things, your Brand Communications project will come to an end, but tbh, it's really the beginning. The beginning of your brand telling the world who it is, how it can help, and what it will change. The beginning of a new and distinct voice, poised to make an impact—no homing pigeon required.

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